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Thursday, July 23, 2020 | History

4 edition of The influences of land use and land cover on climate found in the catalog.

The influences of land use and land cover on climate

Robert W. Pease

The influences of land use and land cover on climate

an analysis of the Washington-Baltimore area that couples remote sensing with numerical simulation

by Robert W. Pease

  • 61 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Govt. Print. Off., for sale by the Supt. of Docs., GPO in Washington .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Washington Region,
  • Baltimore Region (Md.),
  • Washington Region.,
  • Maryland,
  • Baltimore Region.
    • Subjects:
    • Land use -- Washington Region.,
    • Land use -- Maryland -- Baltimore Region.,
    • Washington Region -- Climate.,
    • Baltimore Region (Md.) -- Climate.

    • Edition Notes

      Bibliography: p. 38-39.

      Statementby Robert W. Pease, Carol B. Jenner, and John E. Lewis, Jr.
      SeriesGeological Survey professional paper ; 1099-A, Geological Survey professional paper ;, 1099-A.
      ContributionsJenner, Carol B., joint author., Lewis, John E., 1937- joint author.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsQC984.D6 P4
      The Physical Object
      Paginationvii, 39 p. :
      Number of Pages39
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4066675M
      LC Control Number79607068

      Climate Vegetation and land use These factors act either directly or indirectly to influence land use and land cover change (LULCC). Anthropogenic factors are human-induced and include deforestation, wetland drainage, overgrazing and the expansion of agricultural. @article{osti_, title = {Influence of Dynamic Land Use and Land Cover Change on Simulated Global Terrestrial Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles, Climate-carbon Cycle Feedbacks, and Interactions with Rising CO2 and Anthropogenic Nitrogen Deposition}, author = {Thornton, Peter E and Hoffman, Forrest M and Hurtt, George C}, abstractNote = {Previous work has demonstrated the sensitivity of.

      Influences of land use and land cover on climate, an analysis of the Washington-Baltimore area that couples remote sensing with numerical simulation (DLC) (OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors. Land use/land cover is one of the critical factors that affects surface-water quality at catchment scale. Effective mitigation strategies require an in-depth understanding of the leading causes of water pollution to improve community well-being and ecosystem health. The main aim of this study is to assess the relationship between land use/land cover and biophysical and chemical water-quality.

      Impact of Urbanization and Land-Use Change on Climate Article (PDF Available) in Nature () June with 4, Reads How we measure 'reads'. To demonstrate the importance of land use and land cover change (LUCC) on future climate projections, the CanESM2 model experiments recommended by the LUCID project were used.


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The influences of land use and land cover on climate by Robert W. Pease Download PDF EPUB FB2

The link between land use and the climate is complex. First, land cover--as shaped by land use practices--affects the global concentration of greenhouse gases.

Second, while land use change is an important driver of climate change, a changing climate can lead to changes in land use and land cover. For example, farmers might shift from their customary crops to crops that will. Get this from a library. Land use and land cover information and air quality planning: the influences of land use and land cover in climate analysis.

[Wallace E Reed; John E Lewis; Geological Survey (U.S.),]. Nowadays, it is broadly accepted that both elevated greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration as well as land use/land cover change (LULCC) can influence the regional climate dynamics (Laux et al., At higher spatial levels, pivotal biophysical influences on land-use and land-cover change include regional climate, landform, geology, soils, hydrology, vegetation, and fauna.

Societal factors relating to population structure and dynamics, income and the near-surface climate, the soil and terrain forms, the surface hydrology (includingFile Size: KB. Climate impacts on land-use and land-cover change Understanding the interactive and cumulative effects of climate and land-use changes are a priority for the NE CASC as it will affect the distribution, composition, condition and vulnerability of regional biomes including forests, grasslands, shrublands, prairies, alpine tundra, and human.

Participants in the NCA workshop (Nov Dec 1,in Salt Lake City) on land use and land cover presented and discussed a number of examples showing the influences of land-use decisions on climate change adaptation options. 16 The chapter describes specific examples of measures to adapt to climate change, further supporting this key message.

As a causal factor, land use influences the flux of mass and energy, and as land‐cover patterns change, these fluxes are altered. Projected climate alterations will produce changes in land‐cover patterns at a variety of temporal and spatial scales, although human uses of the land are expected to override many effects.

Land‐use change reflected in land‐cover change and land‐cover change is a main component of global environmental change, affecting climate, biodiversity, and ecosystem services, which in turn affect land‐use decision.

Land‐use change is always caused by multiple interacting factors. Changes in rainfall and land use/land cover (LULC) can influence river discharge from a catchment in many ways.

Homogenized river discharge data from three stations and average rainfall records, interpolated from 13 stations, were examined for long-term trends and decadal variations (–) in the headwater, upper and middle catchments of the Bagmati River.

The influence of land-use and land-cover change (LULCC) on climate and weather is complex, and specific effects depend on the type of change, the scale of the assessment (local, regional, or global), the size of the area under consideration, the aspect of climate and weather being evaluated (such as temperature, precipitation, or seasonal.

The major land use/cover changes in APTZ during – were conversions between cropland and grassland, and conversions between grassland and barren land (Wu et al ; figure 1(c) and table 2).

Compared to changes in land use/cover types, changes in land surface biophysical parameters were much more remarkable (figure 3). Firstly, a review of all types of land-use change (see next section) and of the mechanisms by which these changes can affect climate (section on Land-cover change influences on climate) is given.

Then the possible impacts of tropical land-use changes, especially deforestation and desertification, are considered in the section on Regional-scale. Land-use change. There are a number of ways in which changes in land use can influence most direct influence is through the alteration of Earth’s albedo, or surface example, the replacement of forest by cropland and pasture in the middle latitudes over the past several centuries has led to an increase in albedo, which in turn has led to greater reflection of.

Influences of land use and land cover on climate, an analysis of the Washington-Baltimore area that couples remote sensing with numerical simulation (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Robert W Pease; Carol B Jenner; John E Lewis; Geological.

Land-use change is related to climate change as both a causal factor and a major way in which the effects of climate change are expressed.

As a causal factor, land use influences the flux of mass. The role of market forces in land use change for the production of agricultural commodities has long been a subject of substantial research.

The issue of land use and supply response was an active field of research in agricultural economics and development economics from the. The book comprehensively reviews the current knowledge on how natural and anthropogenic land-use/cover changes affect weather, air quality and climate worldwide and explains how these changes may trigger further land-use/cover cturer: Springer.

Land use change. Land cover change in general and land use change in particular would have either direct or indirect impacts on the extent and conditions of changes that occur on the land surface as a whole.

The changes could be transformation of land cover to land use. Although most biophysical factors do not drive land-use changes directly, these factors can cause changes in land cover (eg, through climate change) and affect decisions of land-use allocation (eg, soil quality).

On another scale of analysis, the dominant driving factor in land-use systems could be different. throughout the world, and often those trends are attributed to climate change while the influence of land use is ignored or considered small (Hirsch and Ryberg, ; Collins, ).

However, it is well known that land cover changes can influence peak flows through changes in tree cover, road density, or impervious surface area. The Influences of Land Use and Land Cover on Climate: An Analysis of the Washington-Baltimore Area That Couples Remote Sensing with Numerical Simulation By ROBERT W.

PEASE, CAROL B. JENNER, and JOHN E. LEWIS, JR THE INFLUENCES OF LAND USE AND LAND COVER IN CLIMATE ANALYSIS GEOLOGICAL SURVEY PROFESSIONAL PAPER A. 1. Introduction. The sustainable management of the earth’s surface including Land Use and Land Cover Changes (LULCC) remains a critical environmental challenge that society must address (Mustard et al., ).Besides ecosystem vulnerability, LULCC are major determinants of global environmental change with potential severe impacts on human livelihoods (Olson et al., ).Get this from a library!

Testing an urban climate simulator: the influences of land use and land cover in climate analysis. [Gordon M Greene; Geological Survey (U.S.),].